What are “cookies”?
Cookies are small pieces of text consisting of letters and/or numbers that enable a web server to store information on the client (i.e., the browser, such as Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, etc.) which can then be reused during the same visit (session cookies) or later, even after a period of days (persistent cookies). Depending on the user’s preferences, cookies are stored by the individual browser on the specific device being used (computer, tablet, or smartphone).
Similar technologies, such as web beacons, clear GIFs, and all forms of local storage introduced by HTML5, can be used to collect information about the user’s behavior and how services are used.
Cookies cannot retrieve any other data from the user’s hard disk or transmit computer viruses or acquire e-mail addresses. Each cookie is unique to the user’s web browser. Some of the functions of cookies can be delegated to other technologies. The term “cookie” refers to cookies and all similar technologies.
Depending on their characteristics and purposes, Cookies can be classified as follows:
Strictly necessary technical cookies. These cookies are essential for the proper operation of a website and are used to manage various services related to websites (such as a login or access to reserved functions on websites). The duration of cookies is strictly limited to each work session, or they may remain longer in order to remember a visitor’s choices. Turning off strictly necessary cookies may compromise a user’s browsing experience on a website. Analytics and performance cookies. These cookies are used to anonymously collect and analyze the traffic on and use of a website. Although these cookies do not identify users, they can, for example, determine if a website is re-entered by the same user. They are also used to monitor the system and improve its performance and usability. As will be explained in greater detail below, turning off these cookies will not result in any loss of functionality.
Profiling cookies. Profiling cookies are permanent cookies used to identify (anonymously or not) the user’s preferences and improve the browsing experience. While browsing a website, users may also receive on their device cookies sent from other websites or web servers (“third parties”), which may contain certain elements (such as pictures, maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains).
For more information on these cookies, please visit the appropriate section on the website www.garanteprivacy.it/cookie
Purposes and processing of session technical cookies.
We use technical cookies on our Website exclusively to permit digital authentication, to monitor sessions, and to store specific technical information concerning the users who access the servers of the Data Controller that manages our Website. In this context, some operations on the Website may not be performed without cookies, which, in such cases, are therefore technically necessary. For example, accessing the secure areas of the Website and carrying out any activities in those areas would be much more complex and less safe without cookies enabling users to be identified and keeping them identified during the same session.
In order to achieve proper regulation of cookies, as there are no technical features that distinguish them, it is necessary to classify them based on the objectives pursued by those who use them. This approach is being pursued by the same legislator that, in implementation of the provisions of Directive 2009/136/EC, made it mandatory to obtain users’ prior informed consent for the installation of cookies used for other than merely technical purposes (refer to art. 1, par. 5, subpar. a of Italian Legislative Decree no. 69 of May 28, 2012, which amended Art. 122 of the Code).Moreover, the European body made up of all the national Privacy Protection Authorities of the EU Member States (the “Article 29 Working Party”) has explained in Opinion no. 4/2012 (WP194) “Cookie Consent Exemption” that the installation of the following cookies does not require the user’s prior informed consent:
- User input cookies (session-id), for the duration of a session or persistent cookies limited to a few hours in some cases;
- Authentication cookies, used for authenticated services, for the duration of a session;
- User-centric security cookies, used to detect authentication abuses, for a limited persistent duration;
- Multimedia content player session cookies, such as flash player cookies, for the duration of a session;
- Load balancing session cookies, for the duration of session;
- User interface customization persistent cookies, for the duration of a session (or slightly more);
- Third-party social plug-in content sharing cookies, for logged-in members of a social network.
For maximum transparency, below are listed some examples of technical cookies used by this Website, accompanied by some explanatory notes:
- Cookies placed directly on the user’s/contractor’s device (which will not be used for other purposes) such as session cookies used to “add to the shopping cart” in online reservations on the Website, authentication cookies, multimedia player session cookies such as flash player cookies that do not exceed the duration of the session, and customization cookies (for example, for facilitating the choice of the browser language and automatically completing IDs and passwords upon entering the first character, etc);
- Cookies that are used to statistically analyze accesses/visits to the website (known as “analytics” cookies) for statistical purposes only – not for profiling or marketing purposes – and collect aggregate information, thus preventing the identification of individual users. In these cases, since the current legislation with regard to analytics cookies requires us to inform the interested party thoroughly and clearly about how he or she can easily opt out from their installation (including any mechanisms for anonymizing the cookies themselves), here is how analytics cookies can easily be turned off: open your browser, select the settings menu, click on the internet options, open the privacy page, and select the desired cookie block level. To delete stored Cookies, just open the security page and clear the history by checking the “clear cookies” box.
When visiting a website you may receive cookies from websites managed by other organizations (“third parties”) residing in Italy or abroad.
An example of this found on most websites is the presence of YouTube videos, Google APIs, Google Maps elements, and “social plugins” for Facebook, Twitter, Google+, and LinkedIn. These webpage elements are generated directly by the aforementioned websites and integrated into the host site’s page. Social plugins are most commonly installed to enable users to share content on social networks, in order to improve the user experience.
The use of such plugins implies the transmission of cookies to and from all third-party websites. Information collected by third parties is managed in accordance with their user policies. To ensure greater transparency and convenience, please find below the links to various cookie policies and cookie management information. Note that the Data Controller holds no liability for the use of third-party cookies on this Website.
- Google (configuration): general opt-out guidelines for Google services (Maps, YouTube, etc.) are available at the following link http://support.google.com/accounts/answer/61416?hl=it
- Facebook (configuration): log in to your account. Go to the Privacy section. Alternatively, follow the various guidelines available on the internet, such as https://support.mozilla.org/en-US/kb/disable-third-party-Cookie
- Twitter (configuration): https://twitter.com/settings/security and https://support.twitter.com/articles/20170519-uso-dei-cookie-e-di-altre-tecnologie-simili-da-parte-di-twitter
- LinkedIn (configuration): https://www.linkedin.com/settings/
- Google+ (configuration): http://www.google.it/intl/it/policies/technologies/managing/
Liability for the use of Third-Party Cookies.
In this regard, please refer to the General Measure issued by the Italian Privacy Protection Authority on May 8, 2014 regarding cookies: “There are many reasons why it is not possible to require a publisher to provide information on, and obtain consent for, the installation of cookies on their own website also with regard to those cookies installed by “third parties”. In the first place, a publisher should always have the tools and the legal and business skills to take upon themselves the obligations of third parties; therefore, the publisher should also be able to check, from time to time, that what is declared by the third parties corresponds to the purposes they are actually pursuing by means of their cookies. This is made very difficult due to the fact that a publisher often does not directly know all the third parties that install cookies through their website, nor does a publisher know the logic underlying the respective processing. Furthermore, not infrequently, parties acting as licensees step in between a publisher and the aforesaid third parties, which ultimately makes it very difficult for the publisher to keep track of the activities of all the subjects involved. Third-party cookies might be modified over time by the third-party suppliers, and it would be impractical to require publishers to keep track also of these subsequent changes.”
As explained by the Italian Privacy Protection Authority, this Website cannot manage any third-party cookies that may be required for any third-party services on this Website (YouTube, Google Maps, social buttons); third parties bear sole responsibility for them. In addition, please remember that you can delete and block cookies at any time also by using browser plugins and changing settings as indicated in the browser user manuals.
Characteristics of the cookies used by this Website.
The first group is comprised of the technical cookies, whose use does not require the user’s consent.
The second group consists of the profiling cookies.
For both groups, each type of cookie is accompanied by the following information:
- Cookie name
- Cookie purpose
- Indication as to whether the cookie is a first-party cookie or a third-party cookie
- If the cookie is a first-party cookie, information on how to block it.
Please note that blocking technical cookies may compromise the functionality of this Website.